The word surgery comes from the Greek cheirourgen, derived from cheir meaning hand and ergo meaning to work. Literary the term means to work with the hand. In early years surgery was defined as those manual procedures used in the management of injuries and disease. Over the years, understanding of human anatomy, physiology and pathology as well as growth in various fields of science has led to development of surgery into a branch of medicine that concerns itself with management of diverse disorders afflicting mankind. Management is used in the wider sense to include: diagnosis, treatment and follow up. The field of surgery has become increasingly specialized based, primarily, on organ systems as specialties. These specialties include: general surgery, neuro surgery, vascular surgery, thoracic surgery, plastic surgery, paediatric surgery, urology and orthopaedic surgery among others.
The professional responsibilities for the surgeons in Kenya, now and in future, require that the surgeons have specialized knowledge, skills and attitudes that will enable them manage a wide range of surgical disorders competently and cost effectively. In addition surgeons are expected to carry out research and be able to manage resources. The overwhelming requirement to be lifelong learners is fundamental to continued competence, intellectual advancement and professional growth.
This programme is in line with the recommendations of the Presidential Working Party on Second University that set up Moi University and the current University Strategic Plan. It will prepare doctors for practice as general surgeons